The Genre of Teacher Comments from Hard-Copy to iPad

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Jennifer Grouling



Although scholars have advocated for new technology to be used when responding to student work, there has been little study of how commenting genres vary across technology. Using a combination of artifact analysis and interviews, this study shows how the commenting styles of five writing instructors varied between hard-copy and iPad-collected papers. Comments were coded for focus and mode based on previous work by Straub and Lunsford (1995). The overall focus, mode, and length of comments remained consistent across technology. However, participants made significantly more imperative/command comments using the iPad, particularly in marginal comments. Interviews showed a significant difference in comfort and tactile experiences with the iPad, which may account for this difference.

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How to Cite
Grouling, J. (2018). The Genre of Teacher Comments from Hard-Copy to iPad. Journal of Response to Writing, 4(1). Retrieved from
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Author Biography

Jennifer Grouling, Ball State University

Assistant Professor of English (Rhetoric and Composition)