Teachers’ (formative) feedback practices in EFL writing classes in Norway

Drita Saliu-Abdulahi, Glenn Ole Hellekjær, Frøydis Hertzberg


This qualitative study reports on teachers’ (formative) feedback practices in writing instruction. Observations and interviews were used to collect data from ten upper-secondary teachers of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) writing classes in Norway. The findings indicate that while the teachers attempt to comply with the requirements of the national curriculum regarding formative assessment, and acknowledge the pivotal role of feedback in that pedagogy, the dominant tendency is still to deliver feedback to a finished text. As such, there is limited use of feedback for the current text and no resubmission for new assessment, while feedforward is reduced to the correction of language mistakes, which does not foster writing development except for language accuracy. The limited use formative feedback suggests the need for more systematic professional development of the teachers.


Key words: feedback, formative assessment, feedforward/follow-up, revision, process writing.

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Grant Eckstein

Betsy Gilliland

(Brigham Young University)

(University of Hawai'i)

Editorial Board:Dana Ferris(University of California, Davis)
 John Bitchner(Auckland University of Technology)
 Norman Evans(Brigham Young University)
 Lynn Goldstein(Monterey Institute of International Studies)
 James Hartshorn(Brigham Young University)
 Fiona Hyland(The University of Hong Kong)
 Kendon Kurzer(University of California, Davis)
 Icy Lee(The Chinese University of Hong Kong)
 Karen Lunsford(University of California, Santa Barbara)
  Lucie Moussu(University of Alberta)